Sociology Jobs and Careers

The field of sociology focuses on human interactions and social systems, and many sociology jobs and careers in sociology are very research-focused as a result. Sociologists may specialize in a certain field and are often engaged in studies, research projects and analyzing data to formulate theories and prove hypotheses. Some sociology jobs are actually teaching jobs and designed to train future sociologists and sociology researchers. If you've been considering careers in sociology, take some time to learn about different sociology jobs and sociology careers that interest you. Learning about different branches of sociology and reviewing job descriptions of various sociology jobs can give you a better idea of what may be the right fit for you.

Types of Sociology Jobs

A degree in sociology can lead to a number of different types of sociology jobs and careers in sociology. From human resources to criminal justice, sociology majors can explore a number of interesting and rewarding career paths and may consider pursuing an advanced degree in a certain specialization to further their careers. Sociology majors can explore a variety of job options when they graduate from college and those who have experience in a certain field or specialty are often rewarded with higher-paying opportunities.

Examples of sociology jobs include:

  • Sociologist
  • Sociology Researcher
  • Career Counselor or Guidance Counselor
  • Hospital Administrator
  • Human Resources Administrator
  • Labor Relations Specialist
  • Market Research Analyst
  • Nursing Home Administrator
  • Psychiatrist
  • Social Worker
  • Speech Pathologist
  • Public Relations Manager
  • Youth Counselor

Where to Find Jobs in Sociology

A wide range of employers hire those who have at least a bachelor's degree in sociology, including government agencies and private and nonprofit organizations. Candidates with more experience and those who have obtained a master's degree or Ph.D. in sociology may be able to find sociology jobs at research centers, marketing departments of major corporations and even with the Internal Revenue Service.

Examples of organizations and agencies that offer jobs in sociology include:

  • Advertising agencies
  • Banks
  • Correctional institutions
  • Financial service companies
  • Hospitals
  • Management consultant firms
  • Mental health institutions
  • Publishing companies
  • Labor unions
  • Real estate agencies
  • Retail stores
  • Social service agencies
  • Substance abuse clinics
  • Child care agencies
  • Hotel and hospitality
  • Retail operations
  • Public administration

Careers in Sociology

Careers in sociology require certain skills that can be acquired during the degree program and when the student is completing their clinicals and internships during their school years. Many careers in sociology require very strong interpersonal skills, critical thinking and evaluation skills, and strong communication skills. Sociologists and research sociologists need to have strong logical thinking and analyst skills, and also be able to produce professional reports and summaries of their findings.

Some training for sociology jobs takes place on the job so candidates end up learning many specialized skills that become an asset for their current and future positions. There are a number of fields to explore when declaring a sociology major, so it's generally a good idea to align yourself with a specific area such as environmental causes, education, social work, hospitality, business or marketing early in your educational career. Identifying a specific field that interests you can help narrow down the search when trying to find sociology jobs and pursuing careers in sociology.