Majoring in Sociology

If you've decided to declare a sociology major and are interested in becoming a sociologist or researcher in the field, take your time to learn about the different types of programs and degree options available at accredited colleges and universities in your area. Sociology majors typically take both classroom-based and hands-on courses throughout their educational careers, and may be able to specialize in a certain field during their final years of education. The field of sociology is fairly broad, so you will likely take numerous general education classes and introductory classes during the first two to three years of your sociology major program.

Declaring a Sociology Major

Students who have declared a sociology major typically take several core courses and a series of specialized courses that may focus on areas such as race relations, cultural diversity, sociology in the workplace or topics such as sex and gender. Some students who pursue graduate studies can apply for jobs with agencies, organizations and businesses immediately after graduation, but those who want to pursue research studies may find positions within their university or at another research facility.

If you decide to major in sociology, consider the different career paths and options available to you, and decide what type of work you would be most interested in doing. Some sociology majors prefer to work with data and statistics, while others prefer to work directly with people. Whatever the case may be, consider the different types of career options available across different industries, and positions that range from human resources to marketing and data analysis.

Specializations within a Sociology Major

Many students choose to take specialized courses after declaring a sociology major, because these courses can provide advanced knowledge and research skills for particular types of jobs and industries. Examples of specializations when you declare a major in sociology include:

  • Sociology of Culture
  • Sociology of Families and Populations
  • Global and International Studies
  • Sociology of Health and Medicine
  • Urban Sociology
  • Opportunity and Inequality in Society

Career Options for Sociology Majors

Sociology majors can explore a number of career options and often work in a variety of industries throughout their careers. Many applied fields require sociologists to develop theories, concepts and to test various hypotheses. Regardless of the career path you choose with a major in sociology, you can expect to take a wide range of courses that focus on social problems, research methods, social statistics and social psychology amongst others.

Some of the career options open to sociology majors include:

  • Social services case manager or caseworker
  • Child care worker
  • Housing coordinator
  • Public administration assistant
  • Information officer for government agencies
  • Criminal investigator
  • Corrections officer
  • Data analyst
  • Market researcher
  • Survey research technician
  • Statistician

Sociology majors with an advanced degree can accept positions as a "sociologist", but those with a bachelor's degree may need to work in other related fields as they work their way up to this type of position. In addition to the above job categories, a sociology major might also work in professional areas of civil leadership, in politics, or obtain a national leadership position.