Why Study Sociology?

Sociology is a discipline and a structured or scientific study of society, human behavior and the influence of certain events and activities on society. Sociologists analyze and review patterns of human behavior, review cause and effect situations, and formulate theories about why things happen in a certain way. The importance of sociology may not always be clear because sociology has many fields and branches. In many cases, a sociology degree may not even lead to a position as a sociologist.

Many sociology majors end up pursuing careers in market research, public administration or even working for the government. Taking some time to understand the importance of sociology and how sociologists and researchers play a critical role in society today can help you decide whether this is the right field or career path for you.

What Makes Sociology So Important?

At a fundamental level, the different disciplines of sociology involve the study of social interactions between different people and groups. Sociologists take the time to analyze interactions between different people and may also look at the management or organization of various groups. Sociology disciplines are focused on the effects of social behavior and how different social traits or norms form in the first place. The field of sociology is a branch of social sciences and encompasses several sub-categories and sub-fields. Some sociologists focus more on the field of education and psychology, while others will focus more on political sciences, business communication and organizational development.

Many students who are considering declaring a sociology major ask themselves, why study sociology? What exactly do sociologists do and what is a typical educational career path for aspiring sociologists? You can get answers to many of these questions by talking to an admissions counselor or career counselor at the college or university you wish to attend.

Reasons for Studying Sociology

Many students pursue a sociology degree because they want to make a contribution to society and solve problems that affect society at large. Others want to make a difference for an organization or to use their research and data analysis skills for a special purpose. When you are considering the reasons for studying sociology and the importance of sociology, take some time to learn about the different fields or branches of sociology and the various types of career paths available to you.

So why study sociology? Here are some common reasons why many people pursue this interesting and dynamic discipline:

  • To provide scientific contributions to society. Many sociologists are involved in scientific research and are able to solve large-scale problems that affect the world around us.
  • To study the roles of institutions, organizations and individuals. Sociologists study how social institutions such as family, education, religion and governmental control affect human behavior.
  • To use scientific knowledge and sociology theories to solve social problems. Sociologists can draw upon data and scientific studies to draw conclusions about certain situations and solve social problems.
  • To enrich human culture. Sociologists have made great contributions throughout history, and these have provided us with in-depth knowledge about human culture, norms and behaviors.
  • To improve international relations. Some sociologists work for government agencies where they can reduce the effects of political unrest and conflict between nations, and work towards solving common problems.